Mahavakya Viveka – 4 Parts | Swami Sarvapriyananda

The Mahavakyas are “The Great Sayings” of the Upanishads, as characterized by the Advaita school of Vedanta. Most commonly, Mahavakyas are considered four in number:

  1. Prajnanam Brahma (प्रज्ञानम् ब्रह्म) – “Insight is Brahman,” or “Brahman is insight” (Aitareya Upanishad 3.3 of the Rig Veda)
  2. Ayam Atma Brahma (अयम् आत्मा ब्रह्म) – “This Self (Atman) is Brahman” (Mandukya Upanishad 1.2 of the Atharva Veda)
  3. Tat Tvam Asi (तत् त्वम् असि) – “That essence (tat, referring to sat, “the Existent”) are you” (Chandogya Upanishad 6.8.7 of the Sama Veda)
  4. Aham Brahma Asmi (अहम् ब्रह्मास्मि) – “I am Brahman” (Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 1.4.10 of the Yajur Veda)

They all express the insight that the individual self (jiva) which appears as a separate existence, is in essence (atman) part and manifestation of the whole (Brahman).

Part 1 – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ihg8JDkrRBs

Part 2 – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i6iCvX0ouiA

Part 3 – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YGv8mbTuKvE

Part 4 – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X872V8LMFNE

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